In some patients, for medical reasons, treatment with the oocytes and sperm of the couple is not possible (because they are not produced or there is not enough to use in the treatment or there is a risk of transmitting genetic disorders), the only solution for the couple to achieve its desire to have children is through the use of donor gametes or transfer of embryos donated by another couple. In such circumstances the donation process is anonymous and completely confidential and there is a set of procedures to ensure the whole treatment is done according to the strictest standards of quality and safety, according to the requirements set by ICMR , and also to standards and recommendations for good internationally accepted medical practice.
This method is very useful if the husband has no sperm or a very poor semen analysis (azoospermia, oligospermia, poor motility), or when there is a genetic problem which could be inherited from the male. This is highly advisable for women who have no infertility problems, are under 35 years old and whose husbands have Azoospermia (no sperm). Lower success rates are reported where there is a female factor (ovulation problem, endometriosis, etc.) or the woman is over 35. One must be psychologically ready to proceed with Donor Insemination.
IVF/ICSI with oocyte donation is a treatment that allows women with ovarian failure (premature or age-related), poor oocyte quality or certain genetic diseases to fulfill their dream of getting pregnant and becoming mothers.
In these situations, the selection of the donor is made considering the physical characteristics of the recipient couple (race, blood group, height, weight and skin, eyes and hair colour). All donors are subjected to very strict process of selection and prior exclusion of genetic diseases. The donated eggs are fertilized with the couple’s male partner sperm or a donor sperm, thus allowing for the creation of embryos. These embryos (usually two, exceptionally three) are transferred to the recipient’s uterus. Surplus embryos can be frozen and used in a later treatment, if the couple wishes to do so.