The objective of antenatal care is to ensure the supervision of maternal and fatal well being during pregnancy, identify and treat conditions that may threaten the health of the fetus/newborn and mother. Also making available all appropriate choices to fulfill optimal potential, and providing all necessary support and preparation for a high quality life after birth. Another objective of antenatal-care is to help a women approach pregnancy and birth as positive experiences.
Main objectives of antenatal-care are:
- Maintenance of health of mother during pregnancy
- Promote physical, mental and social well being of mother and child.
- Ensure delivery of a full term healthy baby.
- Early detection of high risk cases and minimize risks by taking appropriate
- Prevent development of complications through health education, adequate
nutrition, exercise, vitamin intake and appropriate medical and pharmaceutical
- Screening for conditions and diseases such as anemia, STIs, HIV infection, mental
health problems, and domestic violence.
- Teach the mother about child care, nutrition, sanitation and hygiene.
- Decrease maternal and infant mortality and morbidity.
- Remove the stress and worries of the mother regarding the delivery process.
- Provide safe delivery for mother and educate mother about the physiology of
pregnancy and labor by demonstrations, charts and diagrams so that fear is removed and physiology improved.
- Advice family planning and motive the couple about the need of family planning.
- Predict possible problems during pregnancy and provide an appropriate treatment.
- Provide information on pregnancy and birth and discuss with the couple about the place, time and mode of the delivery provisionally and care of the newborn.
- Ensure continued medical surveillance and prophylaxis.
- Advice the mother about breast feeding, post natal care and immunization.
- Advice and support to the women and her family for developing healthy home behaviours.